There were six possible designations:[2], Likely Democratic Republican Scott Brown of Massachusetts lost to Elizabeth Warren (D). Some general facts: There were a total of 33 seats up for election in 2012. Various other state, territorial, and local races and referenda were held throughout the year. Of those 33 races, 15 were Democratic winners while 18 were Republican. Hover over the bars in the chart below to see the number of even- and odd-year retirement announcements by month. If the race was uncontested, the margin of victory is listed as 100%. The 33 seats of Class I of the United States Senate were up for election. OpenSecrets.org geographicl data of contributions to candidates running in the California congressional race in 2012. Average MOV for Democratic winners was 35.7%, while the average for Republicans was 28.6%. Many of the major issues of the 2012 election were the same as in both 2008 and 2010. The 33 Class 1 U.S. Senate seats were up for election. The largest margin of victory where both major parties fielded a general election candidate was in. 87 races (20 percent) had a margin of victory between 10 and 20 percent. 33 U.S. Senate and 435 U.S. House seats were up for election on November 6, 2012. Click here to contact our editorial staff, and click here to report an error. The Colorado House, Maine Legislature, Minnesota Legislature and New Hampshire House had all flipped to Republican rule in 2010 elections, only to flip back to Democratic control in 2012. Of those 30 races, 18 were Democratic winners while 12 were Republican. The fewest votes were in Wyoming, with only 244,445 total votes. !function(){"use strict";window.addEventListener("message",(function(a){if(void 0!==a.data["datawrapper-height"])for(var e in a.data["datawrapper-height"]){var t=document.getElementById("datawrapper-chart-"+e)||document.querySelector("iframe[src*='"+e+"']");if(t)(t.style.height=a.data["datawrapper-height"][e]+"px")}}))}(); February and November had the second-highest total announcements at 27 each. In addition, Scott Walker of Wisconsin survived a recall election on June 5. The second question asked whether they prefer statehood, independence or free association—a majority (61% of votes cast) supported statehood for Puerto Rico. 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in Wyoming, 2012, Congressional incumbents not running for re-election, Elected Officials Running for a Different office, Cooperative of American Physicians IE Committee, Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, National Republican Congressional Committee, https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=United_States_Congressional_elections_results,_2012&oldid=6799636, Congress elections, 2012, details and analysis, Submit a photo, survey, video, conversation, or bio, Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing. Akin's comments had a far-reaching political impact, changing a focus of campaigns across the country onto the so-called "War on Women. 285 races (65.5 percent) had a margin of victory of greater than 20 percent.      Likely Republican. The legislation, passed by the Wisconsin Legislature on June 29, 2011, primarily impacted the following areas: collective bargaining, compensation, retirement, health insurance, and sick leave of the state's public sector employees. Following the Supreme Court's Citizens United decision, the 2012 election season became the most expensive in American history.[1]. A total of 27 incumbents were defeated in the general election on November 6, 2012. During the presidential election year, partisan dominance of both chambers of the U.S. Congress was at stake. Some general facts: Ballotpedia staff counted 10 total U.S. Senate incumbents who did not run for re-election in the 2012 elections. "[6][7] Another widely covered comment was that of Indiana State Treasurer and U.S. Senate candidate Richard Mourdock, who said that pregnancy from rape was "something that God intended". New Jersey congressman Donald M. Payne died in March 2012 while Michigan's Thaddeus McCotter resigned in July 2012. The average margin of victory of all congressional districts was 31.85%, meaning that on average the winner of each race received nearly twice as many votes as the top opponent. Elections were also held for the delegates from the District of Columbia and five major U.S. territories. ", This page was last edited on 17 August 2020, at 04:27. If the race was uncontested, the margin of victory is listed as 100%. Most November announcements—24—took place during off years. The major foreign policy controversy during the final weeks of the campaign was the September attack on the American diplomatic mission at Benghazi, Libya by a heavily armed group. The winners of these two special elections (Suzanne Bonamici from Oregon, Ron Barber from Arizona) both ran in attempts to keep their seats. Sixteen February announcements occurred during an election year and 11 during an off year. With the advantage of incumbency, Obama faced no major challengers in the Democratic Party primaries. Bold indicates a change in control. A total of 13 incumbents were defeated in their primary elections. Starting in August 2012, a series of controversies occurred involving comments made by a number of socially conservative Republican candidates regarding issues regarding rape, pregnancy, and abortion, bringing these issues to the forefront. The average number of votes cast per district was 281,917, yielding an average voter turnout of 39.76%. Click the election links in each state section for more details on the seats where a vote took place in 2012. The Arkansas chambers had been under Democratic control since the end of the Reconstruction Era. Of those 30 races, 18 were Democratic winners while 12 were Republican. The fewest announcements took place in June at eight—six during off years and two during election years. A total of 468 seats in the U.S. Congress were up for election on November 6, 2012. In the gubernatorial elections, Republicans won a net gain of one seat. During the presidential election year, partisan dominance of both chambers of the U.S. Congress was at stake. Democrats were expected to have 23 seats up for election, including 2 independents who caucus with the Democrats, while Republicans were only expected to have 10 seats up for election. Governor-elect Alejandro García Padilla, who had been critical of the process, then sent a message to President Obama, asking him to reject the results because of their ambiguity. 11 races had a margin of victory of less than 10 percent. Two states approved and one rejected the legalization of recreational marijuana, and one more state voted to approve allowing marijuana for medical use. Democratic incumbent President Barack Obama was re-elected, defeating Republican former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. As a result of the election, Democrats increased their majority in the Senate while chipping away at the Republican majority in the House. Of those 87 races, 23 were Democratic winners while 64 were Republican. If the race was uncontested, the margin of victory is listed as 100%. A number of observers later identified Mourdock's and Akin's comments as a principal factor in their respective election losses. Some general facts: One incumbent was defeated in the general election on November 6, 2012. Click on a month to sort the table in ascending or descending order by that month. By ballot measure, voters in both Colorado and Washington chose to legalize cannabis outright, the first states to do so,[18] whereas voters in Oregon chose to reject it.[19]. Congressional elections determine who represents your state in Congress. Another special election in Arizona's 8th congressional district was held on June 12 to elect the replacement of Gabrielle Giffords, who resigned in January 2012. Of those 11 races, 9 were Democratic winners while 2 were Republican. There were a total of 435 seats up for election in 2012. They also decide which political party—Democratic or Republican—will hold a majority in each chamber of Congress for the next two years. How Congressional Elections Work. A total of 27 incumbents were defeated in the general election on November 6, 2012. This was the first congressional election using the congressional districts that were apportioned based on the 2010 Census. Many states across the nation held elections for their state legislatures. Elections were held for all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives. The most votes were in California, with 12,578,511. As a result of the election, Democrats increased their majority in the Senate while chipping away … If the race was uncontested, the margin of victory is listed as 100%. Despite various issues during this election cycle, ultimately little overall change occurred on both the Federal and the gubernatorial level. [11] Among the third party candidates, former Governor of New Mexico Gary Johnson was the Libertarian Party nominee, Jill Stein was the Green Party nominee, former Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia's 5th congressional district Virgil Goode was the Constitution Party nominee, and former Mayor of Salt Lake City Rocky Anderson was the Justice Party nominee. In both districts, voters were asked on the November ballot to select two candidates: one to serve the remainder of Payne or McCotter's term, respectively, and the other to serve their respective district's full 2-year term beginning in January 2013. The following table shows the margin of victory for each race winner, which is calculated by examining the percentage difference between the top-two vote getters. Between 2011 and July 2020, Ballotpedia tracked 243 retirement announcements from members of the U.S. House and Senate. These protests became a major driving force of multiple recall elections, including state senators in 2011 and 2012, Governor Scott Walker in 2012 and a contentious Wisconsin Supreme Court election in 2011. 87 races (20 percent) had a margin of victory between 10 and 20 percent. The New York Times rated the U.S. House races. All of those except for one August announcement occurred during off years. He stated that pregnancy from rape rarely occurs as a result of what he referred to as "legitimate rape." As a matter of convenience and cost saving, the special election in New Jersey's 10th congressional district and the special election in Michigan's 11th congressional district were held in conjunction with the regularly-scheduled general election on November 6, 2012. Romney defeated Rick Santorum, Newt Gingrich, and several other candidates to win his party's nomination in the 2012 Republican primaries. APPORTIONMENT POPULATION AND NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES, BY STATE: 2010 CENSUS", "RNC officially names Mitt Romney the party's 'presumptive nominee, "Election 2012 results Liveblog: In Senate, Democrats ward off challenges", "State Legislative Elections: Democrats Gain Control Of Eight Chambers", "Puerto Rico's voters endorse seeking US statehood but ballot results raise questions", "Alejandro García Padilla letter to Barack Obama", "Congress expected to ignore Puerto Rico's vote for statehood", "Gay marriage, marijuana backed in historic votes", "Despite Citizens United decision, Vt. officials say money and TV don't win political campaigns", "Karl Rove, using post-Citizens United funds, comes up a cropper", "Partisan Voter Index by State, 1994-2014", "2012 State and Legislative Partisan Composition", "2013 State and Legislative Partisan Composition", liveuselections.info - United States Elections, 2012, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2012_United_States_elections&oldid=973426824, Articles with dead external links from September 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from November 2012, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from November 2012, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles to be expanded from December 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jacobson, Gary C. "How the Economy and Partisanship Shaped the 2012 Presidential and Congressional Elections.      Lean Republican 33 races (7.6 percent) had a margin of victory between 5 and 10 percent. The following table shows the margin of victory for each race winner, which is calculated by examining the percentage difference between the top-two vote getters. Puerto Rican voters were asked two questions: First, whether they prefer the status quo of remaining a U.S. unincorporated territory—a majority (54%), rejected the status quo. A special election in Oregon's 1st congressional district was held on January 31 to determine a replacement for David Wu, who resigned in August 2011. Of those 27 incumbents, 10 were Democrats and 17 were Republicans. The most votes were in California, with 12,578,511. In Minnesota, a proposed constitutional amendment to ban same sex marriage was defeated, the first time such an amendment has not passed. August and October saw the second-fewest announcements after June at 11 each. In the first election held in the House of Representatives since the round of redistricting following the 2010 United States Census, Democrats picked up eight seats but failed to gain a majority, despite winning the popular vote. Some general facts: All 435 seats of the U.S. House were up for election. The following table shows the margin of victory for each race winner, which is calculated by examining the percentage difference between the top-two vote getters. The Oregon House regained the democratic majority that it had lost in 2010 elections, which produced a 30-30 party split. Congressional retirements by month, 2011-2020, Retirement announcements by month and year, United States House of Representatives elections, 2012, http://cookpolitical.com/house/charts/race-ratings/4736, Congressional incumbents not running for re-election, Elected Officials Running for a Different office, Cooperative of American Physicians IE Committee, Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, National Republican Congressional Committee, https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=United_States_Congress_elections,_2012&oldid=8111836, Submit a photo, survey, video, conversation, or bio, Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing. The following table shows the margin of victory for each race winner, which is calculated by examining the percentage difference between the top-two vote getters. 30 races (6.9 percent) had a margin of victory of less than 5 percent. Republican Richard Lugar of Indiana was defeated by Richard Mourdock in the primary on May 8, 2012. [2] Candidates and voters in 2012 were again focused on national economic conditions and jobs, record federal deficits, health care and the effects of the controversial Affordable Care Act, national security and terrorism, education, and energy.[2][3][4]. Average MOV for Democratic winners was 35.7%, while the average for Republicans was 28.6%. [2] On June 25, 2012, the Supreme Court delivered its decision in Arizona v. United States, striking down three of the four provisions of Arizona's law. Some of the major American cities that held mayoral elections in 2012 included: The 2012 election cycle was the first to be impacted by the Supreme Court's Citizens United decision, which prohibited the government from restricting independent political expenditures by corporations and unions. Ballotpedia staff counted 43 total U.S. House incumbents who did not run for re-election in the 2012 elections. The average margin of victory of all congressional districts was 31.85%, meaning that on average the winner of each race received nearly twice as many votes as the top opponent. The tables under each state heading reflect the House delegation partisan breakdown before and after the election.      Lean Republican Nationwide, cities, counties, school boards, special districts and others held elections in 2012. [16] On November 8, 2012, Washington, D.C. newspaper The Hill published an article saying that Congress will also likely ignore the results of the referendum due to the circumstances behind the votes.[17]. Click here to contact us for media inquiries, and please donate here to support our continued expansion. Only one state governorship changed hands: In North Carolina, Republican Pat McCrory was elected to replace the retiring Democratic Governor Bev Perdue. Rape and pregnancy controversies and the "War on Women", State and territorial legislative elections, State and territory initiatives and referenda, One of Maine's Senators is a Republican, the other (, Washington, D.C. does not elect a governor or state legislature, but it does elect a, Although elections for governor of American Samoa are non-partisan, Governor, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Rape and pregnancy statement controversies in the 2012 United States elections, 2012 United States House of Representatives elections, 2012 United States gubernatorial elections, "Little to Show for Cash Flood by Big Donors", "For Voters, It's Still the Economy: Energy, Terrorism, Immigration Less Important than in 2008", "Why it matters: Issues at stake in election", "Economy is Top Issue Among Latino Voters", "Todd Akin's comment brings 'war on women' back to prominence", "Rape comments bring down Mourdock, Akin", "Rape remarks sink two Republican Senate hopefuls", "President Obama's reelection: 12 takeaways", "Table 1. Of those 285 races, 145 were Democratic winners while 140 were Republican. 12 state and two territory governorships were up for election. The territorial governorships of American Samoa and Puerto Rico were also up for election. The smallest margin of victory, where Democrat Heidi Heitkamp defeated, The largest margin of victory was in Wyoming, where Republican. Democrats won a net gain of two Senate seats, retaining control of the chamber.      D Tossup, R Tossup Several candidates competed in the Republican Party primaries; by late April, Romney, a former Governor of Massachusetts, was declared the presumptive Republican nominee. Congressional elections occur every two years. This was the first presidential election since the 2010 Census, which changed the Electoral College vote apportionment.[10]. 285 races (65.5 percent) had a margin of victory of greater than 20 percent. The following table shows the margin of victory for each race winner, which is calculated by examining the percentage difference between the top-two vote getters. The smallest margin of victory, where Democrat Heidi Heitkamp defeated, The largest margin of victory was in Wyoming, where Republican. The races detailed below were considered competitive. Democratic President Barack Obama won election to a second term, though the Republican Party retained control of the House of Representatives. There were five possible designations: Solid Democratic Note that not all states held gubernatorial, state legislative, and United States Senate elections in 2012.      Solid Republican, Each month the Cook Political Report released race ratings for President, U.S. Senate, U.S. House (competitive only) and Governors. Of those 11 races, 9 were Democratic winners while 2 were Republican. Congressional Elections and Midterm Elections. 11 races had a margin of victory of less than 10 percent. Of those 33 seats, 23 were held by Democrats and 10 by Republican senators. Republicans further criticized the Obama administration's response to the attacks, ranging from accusations that they incorrectly attributed the role of anger over the film instead of suspecting it more as a coordinated attack by a terrorist group like al-Qaeda; to complaints with delays in the administration's investigation. According to critics, the consulate site should have been secured better both before and after the attack. This was initially blamed on a series of protests and violent attacks began in response to a YouTube trailer for the controversial film Innocence of Muslims, considered blasphemous by many Muslims. The Democrats ended up retaining majority control of the Senate, picking up two net seats. Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens, and ten others were injured. The largest margin of victory where both major parties fielded a general election candidate was in.      Tossup Some general facts: if(document.getElementsByClassName("reference").length==0) if(document.getElementById('Footnotes')!==null) document.getElementById('Footnotes').parentNode.style.display = 'none'; Ballotpedia features 317,144 encyclopedic articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors, writers, and researchers. In many states where if the following positions are elective offices, voters will cast votes for candidates for the state executive branch offices of Lieutenant Governor (though some will be voted for on the same ticket as the gubernatorial nominee), Secretary of state, state Treasurer, state Auditor, state Attorney General, state Superintendent of Education, Commissioners of Insurance, Agriculture, or Labor, etc., and state judicial branch offices (seats on state Supreme Courts and, in some states, state appellate courts). The 2012 United States elections took place on November 6, 2012. Four people were killed, including U.S.      Lean Democratic The average margin of victory was 20 percent. Thirty-one of those took place during election years and 14 during odd-number years. [8] The comments are also credited for having a larger national effect.[9]. 33 races (7.6 percent) had a margin of victory between 5 and 10 percent. Of those 285 races, 145 were Democratic winners while 140 were Republican. This was the first presidential election since the 2010 Census, which changed the Electoral College vote apportionment. One of the Democratic winners was Wisconsin's Tammy Baldwin, who became the first openly LGBT member of the US Senate.[12]. Only one incumbent was defeated in the primary as well. The transition in the Wisconsin Senate was notable since it undid a brief period of Democratic control following contentious recall efforts in 2011 and earlier in 2012. Obama defeated Republican nominee Mitt Romney to win a second term, taking 51.1 percent of the popular vote and 332 of the 538 electoral votes. Republicans had gained many chambers in the 2010 mid-term elections, and this was seen as a modest rebalancing.[14]. Although House Democrats won a plurality of the popular vote (48.8% vs 47.6%),[13] House Republicans were still able to retain a 234 to 201 seat majority. Republican Scott Brown of Massachusetts lost to Elizabeth Warren (D).      Lean Democratic There were a total of 435 seats up for election in 2012. Ten chambers shifted party control, with seven turning Democratic while three(not including the de facto only control in the WA senate) turned Republican. The average margin of victory was 20 percent. Immigration reform and the controversial Arizona Senate Bill 1070, passed by the state in 2010 to enhance the power of Arizona's law enforcement agencies to investigate the immigration status of suspected illegal immigrants, also remained important issues.