There is also provision for a surviving spouse or partner. On 18 March 2020,[45] a human biosecurity emergency was declared in Australia owing to the risks to human health posed by the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia, after the National Security Committee met the previous day. En 1975, le Premier ministre travailliste, Gough Whitlam, demande à la reine que Colin Hannah, alors gouverneur du Queensland et administrateur, soit révoqué de son poste pour avoir fait des déclarations publiques pour soutenir la coalition d'opposition de partis de droite. Gorton agreed to put the matter to his ministers, and a cabinet meeting agreed that troops should only be called out if requested by the territory's administrator; this did not occur. En 2003, l'archevêque Peter Hollingworth se retire provisoirement de ses fonctions après des accusations portées contre lui, puis démissionne « pour protéger la fonction de vice-roi de controverses persistantes ». The governor-general of Australia is the representative of the monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, in Australia. Le salaire annuel du gouverneur actuel est de 365 000 dollars australiens[6]. [49] All subsequent governors-general have travelled widely while in office and made multiple state visits. En 1929, le Premier ministre australien, James Scullin, décida qu'un Premier ministre des dominions aviserait directement le monarque de son choix pour le poste de gouverneur général, en insistant pour que son choix (Isaac Isaacs, un Australien) prévale sur les recommandations du gouvernement britannique. [54] However, Governors-General more commonly use Australian-built luxury cars[citation needed] when on official business. [41], In the United Kingdom, the reserve powers of the monarch (which are typically referred to as the "royal prerogative")[42] are not explicitly stated in constitutional enactments, and are the province of convention and common law. [48] There is also a tropical version made of white tropical wool cut in a typical military fashion worn with a plumed helmet. The governor-general is appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of government ministers, however formally appointed by the monarch. la possibilité de mettre fin aux fonctions d'un Premier ministre et d'en nommer un nouveau au cas où il serait mis en minorité et refuserait de démissionner ou voudrait dissoudre la Chambre des représentants. Lord De L'Isle was Secretary of State for Air in Winston Churchill's cabinet from 1951 to 1955. Il est important de savoir que le gouverneur général n'a pas le droit de dissoudre la Chambre des représentants ou le Sénat sans accord du Conseil des ministres. Elles concernent : L'article 68 dit que « le commandement en chef des Forces armées... est assuré par le gouverneur général qui agit en tant que représentant de la reine »[20]. Until 2015, the honour continued after the retirement from office of the governor-general. Some, however, have been notable in their own right, such as Dame Alexandra Hasluck, Lady Casey and Michael Bryce. Dans chaque État de l'Australie, le monarque est représenté par un gouverneur, vérifiant les procédures du gouvernement de l'État. By convention, this may only be upon advice from the prime minister, who retains responsibility for selecting an immediate replacement or letting the vacancy provisions take effect. Governor-General Amendment (Salary) Act 2014 (Cth), official secretary to the governor-general of Australia, Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, Official Secretary to the Governor-General of Australia, Flag of the Governor-General of Australia, Spouse of the Governor-General of Australia, Chapter II of the Constitution of Australia, "Governor-General Amendment Salary Bill 2019", Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia—official website, Official website—the Governor-General's role, "Governor-General pleads for more cash to do his job after budget blowout", "David Hurley named next governor general of Australia", "Governor-General Quentin Bryce backs gay marriage, Australia becoming a republic in Boyer Lecture", The title 'the Honourable' for Governors-General, Prime Minister's media release "A New Honour for Pre-eminent Australians", 25 March 2014, "Former atheist and political leader Bill Hayden baptised at age 85 at St Mary's Church, Ipswich", "Bill Hayden, former Labor leader, turns to God despite atheist past", Herald Sun, 18 June 2008, governor-general Quentin Bryce to get pay rise, "Peter Hollingworth apologises for poor handling of sex abuse complaint", "Australians for Constitutional Monarchy", "The Samuel Griffith Society: Volume 8: Chapter Eight", "House of Representatives Practice (5th Edition)", "Parliamentary involvement in declaring war and deploying forces overseas", "The Governor-General as Commander-in-Chief", "Biosecurity (Human Biosecurity Emergency) (Human Coronavirus with Pandemic Potential) Declaration2020", "Human biosecurity emergency declared in Australia", Dress worn at His Majesty's court : issued with the authority of the Lord Chamberlain, "An Australian Head of State: An Historical and Contemporary Perspective", "State visit by Governor-General of New Zealand - statement by the prime minister, Mr William McMahon", "USRS Australia: Blog for the U.S. Mission to Australia", "Australians reject role for Prince William", "Prince William and Prince Harry: A firm foundation for the brothers in arms", Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives, Chronology of Australian federal parliaments, List of Acts of the Parliament of Australia, Chapter I of the Constitution of Australia: The Legislature, Section 51 of the Constitution of Australia, Chapter II of the Constitution of Australia: The Executive, Section 61 of the Constitution of Australia, Chapter III of the constitution of Australia: Courts, Section 75 of the Constitution of Australia, Australian Constitution (Public Record Copy) Act 1990, 2017–18 Australian parliamentary eligibility crisis, Enumerated legislative powers (Section 51), (xviii) Copyrights, patents and trademarks, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Governor-General_of_Australia&oldid=979383629, Australia politics and government templates, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, appointing ambassadors and high commissioners, The power to dissolve (or refuse to dissolve) the House of Representatives (section 5), The power to dissolve Parliament on the occasion of a deadlock (section 57), The power to withhold assent to bills (section 58), The power to appoint (or dismiss) ministers (section 64), if an election results in a parliament in which no party has a majority, the Governor-General may select the Prime Minister, if a Prime Minister loses the support of the House of Representatives, the Governor-General may appoint a new Prime Minister, if a Prime Minister advises a dissolution of the House of Representatives, the Governor-General may refuse that request, or request further reasons why it should be granted; it is worth noting that convention does not give the Governor-General the ability to dissolve either the House of Representatives or the Senate without advice, if a Prime Minister advises a dissolution of Parliament on the occasion of a deadlock between the Houses, the Governor-General may refuse that request, if the Governor-General is not satisfied with a legislative bill as presented, they may refuse royal assent, if a Prime Minister resigns after losing a vote of confidence, the Governor-General may select a new replacement contrary to the advice of the outgoing Prime Minister, if a Prime Minister is unable to obtain supply and refuses to resign or advise a dissolution, the Governor-General may dismiss him or her and appoint a new Prime Minister, This page was last edited on 20 September 2020, at 12:27. H of R. 138, 24 August 1984, p. 380. Formerly, the governor-general automatically became a knight or dame (if he or she was not already one previously) upon being sworn in.[16]. The right of governors-general to make state visits was confirmed at the 1926 Imperial Conference, as it was deemed not feasible for the sovereign to pay state visits on behalf of countries other than the United Kingdom. It is also, in the same section, declared to be "exercisable" by the Governor-General as the Queen's representative. La plupart du temps, les gouverneurs généraux deviennent les présidents d'associations charitables, distribuent décorations et récompenses, reçoivent les ambassadeurs et voyagent dans tout le pays un peu comme la reine en Grande-Bretagne. A number of Governors-General have reserved Royal Assent for particular legislation for the Queen. Governors-General were expected[by whom?] En pratique, ce rôle est purement honorifique et les vrais chefs des Forces armées sont le ministre de la Défense[21] et le Chef des Forces armées[22]. "[28] The changes occurred in 1984 when Queen Victoria's letters patent and instructions were revoked and replaced with new letters patent,[29] on Prime Minister Bob Hawke's advice, who stated that this would clarify the governor-general's position under the constitution.[30][31]. Un gouverneur général peut être rappelé ou démis de ses fonctions par la reine avant la fin de son mandat. The office of Governor-General as an agency of the Commonwealth is regulated by the Governor-General Act 1974. The Governor-General appoints an Official Secretary, who in turn appoints other staff. le refus de la dissolution de la Chambre des représentants si le Premier ministre lui demande ou le droit de lui demander les raisons détaillées de sa requête. The royal assent brings such laws into effect, as legislation, from the date of signing. Le gouverneur général a compétence dans les domaines suivants : Il est président du Conseil exécutif et commandant en chef des forces armées. Version originale : "Privy Council of the United Kingdom". Scullin recommended the Australian jurist Sir Isaac Isaacs, and he insisted that George V act on the advice of his Australian prime minister in this matter. Cette situation se produisit plusieurs fois. Significant post-retirement activities of earlier Governors-General have included: Lord Tennyson was appointed Deputy Governor of the Isle of Wight; Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson (by now Lord Novar) became Secretary of State for Scotland; and Lord Gowrie became Chairman of the Marylebone Cricket Club (Lord Forster had also held this post, before his appointment as governor-general). Liste des gouverneurs généraux d'Australie. Quentin Bryce est devenue la première femme à accéder à cette fonction le 5 septembre 2008. Les pouvoirs limités de ce rôle de représentation ont été expliqués en 1988 dans un rapport produit par une commission constitutionnelle. Sir John Kerr resigned in 1977, with his official reason being his decision to accept the position of Australian Ambassador to UNESCO in Paris, a post which ultimately he did not take up, but the resignation also being motivated by the 1975 constitutional controversy. Of the eleven Australians appointed governor-general since 1965, Lord Casey, Sir Paul Hasluck and Bill Hayden were former federal parliamentarians; Sir John Kerr was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales; Sir Ninian Stephen and Sir William Deane were appointed from the bench of the High Court; Sir Zelman Cowen was a vice-chancellor of the University of Queensland and constitutional lawyer; Peter Hollingworth was the Anglican Archbishop of Brisbane; and Major-General Michael Jeffery was a retired military officer and former Governor of Western Australia. Il fut nommé en juillet 1900 et revint en Australie peu de temps avant la création de la fédération australienne le 1er janvier 1901. After the initial confusion of the Hopetoun Blunder, he appointed the first Prime Minister of Australia, Edmund Barton, to a caretaker government, with the inaugural 1901 federal election not occurring until March. Quentin Bryce's appointment was announced during her term as Governor of Queensland; she had previously been the Federal Sex Discrimination Commissioner. Version originale : "The Right Honourable". Quand il voyage à l'étranger, il est souvent considéré comme le vrai chef de l'État australien. L'indépendance de la charge est renforcée par les changements apportés au cours des dernières années aux instruments de la fonction ». [25] The constitution also provides that the governor-general is the monarch's "representative" in exercising the executive power of the Commonwealth (section 61) and as commander-in-chief of the armed forces (section 68). Sections 58 to 60 allow the Governor-General to withhold assent, suggest changes, refer to the Queen or proclaim that the Queen has annulled the legislation. Jusqu'en 2008, tous les gouverneurs généraux ont été de sexe masculin et de religion chrétienne ou juive (pour Isaac Isaacs et Zelman Cowen). [57] These powers remain in the Constitution, but today are regarded as dead letters. En 2004, le gouverneur général Michael Jeffery a affirmé que : « Sa Majesté est à la tête de l'État, mais j'en suis son représentant (de l'État ou de la Reine (? ». La nomination proprement dite est faite par la reine. En 1947, le parti travailliste revenu au pouvoir nomma à nouveau un gouverneur général australien, William John McKell. Liste des gouverneurs d'Australie-Occidentale, Gouverneur-adjoint d'Australie-Occidentale (colonie de la Couronne), Gouverneurs d'Australie-Occidentale (colonie de la Couronne), Gouverneurs d'Australie-Occidentale (colonie autogérée), Gouverneurs d'Australie-Occidentale (État australien), Général de corps d'armée Sir Charles Gairdner, Général de brigade aérienne Sir Hughie Edwards, Général d'armée aérienne Sir Wallace Kyle, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gouverneur_d%27Australie-Occidentale&oldid=166608166, Portail:Australie-Occidentale/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Au début du 2e chapitre sur le pouvoir exécutif, la Constitution dispose que « Le pouvoir exécutif est assuré par la reine et exercé par le gouverneur général qui en est son représentant »[16]. Le gouverneur d'Australie-Occidentale (en anglais : Governor of Western Australia) est le représentant en Australie-Occidentale d'Élisabeth II, reine d'Australie. »[15]. La plus célèbre application de ce droit s'est produite en novembre 1975 lors d'une importante crise constitutionnelle. Situés au cœur des principaux centres d’affaires et de tourisme, nos hôtels sont réputés pour la chaleur de leur accueil et la convivialité de leur personnel. As a result of decisions made at the 1926 Imperial Conference, the Governor-General ceased to represent the British Government diplomatically, and the British right of supervision over Australian affairs was abolished. Ces pouvoirs sont généralement et traditionnellement exercés sur avis des différents ministres mais le gouverneur général a la possibilité d'agir seul en certaines circonstances qui sont traditionnellement les suivantes : La liste ci-dessus n'est pas exhaustive et de nouvelles situations peuvent apparaître. In 1931, the transformation was concluded with the appointment of the first Australian Governor-General, Isaacs, and the first British Representative in Australia, Ernest Crutchley. A temporary vacancy also occurred in 2003 when Peter Hollingworth stood aside. In recent decades the typical term of office has been five years. Governors-General have during their tenure the style His/Her Excellency the Honourable and their spouses have the style His/Her Excellency. When the Queen is in Australia, the Queen's Personal Australian Flag is flown on the car in which she is travelling. Le gouverneur général dispose de deux résidences officielles : Son salaire est fixé par la Constitution de l'Australie à 10 000 livres par an sauf si le Parlement en décide autrement (article 3). Le gouverneur général cessa d'être un représentant du gouvernement britannique et il n'y eut plus de supervision des affaires australiennes par les Britanniques. [5], Having agreed to the appointment, the monarch then permits it to be publicly announced in advance, usually several months before the end of the current governor-general's term. Various Governors-General had previously served as governors of an Australian state or colony: Lord Hopetoun (Victoria 1889–1895); Lord Tennyson (South Australia 1899–1902); Lord Gowrie (South Australia 1928–34; and New South Wales 1935–1936); Major General Michael Jeffery (Western Australia 1993–2000); Dame Quentin Bryce (Queensland 2003–2008); General David Hurley (New South Wales 2014 - 2019).